How do I work with suPHP and .htaccess files?

With the transition to Apache 2 servers, a new solution was needed to allow users to execute PHP scripts, while maintaining security. suPHP is a tool for executing PHP scripts with the permissions of their owners.

Some users will have php configuration values in their .htaccess files. Some configuration lines won't work with suPHP - at least, not within the .htaccess file. In particular, "php_value" and "php_flag" values are the two that are problematic.

First, you must move all lines beginning with "php_value" and "php_flag" from your .htaccess file into a file called php.ini (in your public_html directory). Then, you must add a line to your .htaccess file like the one below (of course "username" being your actual username).

suPHP_ConfigPath /home/username/public_html

You will need to remove php_value and php_flag from ALL .htaccess files you may have. However, you only need to add the suPHP_ConfigPath line in the .htaccess file in your public_html directory only.

Secondly, you must make sure that the lines you put in php.ini are in the correct format:

setting_name = setting_value

Let's say you have the following line in your .htaccess file:

php_value register_globals 0

the corresponding php.ini format is as follows:

register_globals = Off

Notice how the value 0 becomes Off (without quotes) and 1 becomes On. If your php_value has quotes like the following, for example:

php_value include_path "/home/username/cgi-bin" 

The corresponding php.ini format is:

include_path = "/home/username/cgi-bin"
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